Weather and climate have significant
impacts on many aspects of people’s lives and particularly amongst populations
whose livelihoods are directly dependent on natural resources. Reliable daily,
weekly, monthly and seasonal information, as well as warnings and alerts on
extreme weather events, can support decision making at many levels, within
households and communities as well as at sub-county, county and national
government levels. Information about longer term trends in climate variability
and change is also vital to support major investments in infrastructure,
including dams and roads, as well as conservation of the natural
Kenya Meteorological Services (KMS) aims
to develop and deliver accessible, timely, relevant information about the weather
and climate which can support decision making at all levels and time frames.
These Climate Information Services (CIS) include both information about the
weather and climate together with useful advice on what actions people should
take to deal with the possible impacts on their lives. The development of
effective CIS depends on continuous and ongoing engagement with the wide range
of people using this information.
Agricultural, Livestock, Forestry and
Fisheries officers, provincial administration officer, NGOS, CBO, FBO from
Mumoni Hills, Kitui Central, Mutitu and
Endau hills, Migwani, Mutha hills, Tseikuru, Kyuso, Mwingi, Ngomeni, Nguni and
Nuu, Mutito and Mwitika, and Mutomo and Ikutha, benefited from the 3-day
training of trainers (T0T) for those people who have been identified as primary
intermediaries to extend the reach of climate information within their
Primary intermediaries are
Representatives of relevant bodies and institutions at the sub-county or
equivalent level who will be the primary intermediary contacts for County
Director of Meteorology.
These people must be willing to receive
and communicate SMS, train, support and collate feedback from secondary
At the end of the training, the
participants will be able to:
- Receive, appreciate and effectively communicate climate
information in a language and format that can be easily understood by the
communities with whom they live and work;
- Support appropriate application and provide feedback on the use
and impact of using climate information; and
- Train secondary intermediaries at ward level
The current initiative is being
developed as part of the Adaptation Consortium which aims to support the
devolution and decentralization process in Kenya though the introduction of
County Adaptation Funds and the development and provision of improved Climate
Information Services. The Adaptation Consortium is working across five Arid and
Semi Arid Lands counties: Kitui, Makueni, Isiolo, Wajir and Garissa.
In this pilot project Kenya
meteorological service has been mandated to provide meteorological,
hydrological and related services in support of relevant national needs,
including safety of life and protection of property, safeguarding the
environment and contributing to sustainable development.
In line with the process of devolution
and decentralization, KMS has established County Meteorological Offices (CMOs)
in each County. Each County Meteorological Office is headed by a County
Director of Meteorological Services (CDM).
Amongst other areas, the CDM is responsible for:
- Developing CIS which can best support the decision making needs
of the County’s principal livelihood groups and County planning processes.
- Downscaling of national weather forecasts and climate outlooks to
the County level;
- Issuing of public warnings on hazards and extremes related to
weather, climate and air pollution.
SMS weather forecasts will express information in the following order:
Sub-county + degree of probability + type of